The influence of multiple intelligences on learning styles in teaching and learning
The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationships between the multiple intelligences and learning styles. The quantitative approach was the method used in the research. A sample of freshman and sophomore students as a non- random systematic sample was selected to be investigated in the research. A structured questionnaire was used to gather the primary data from the students in the study. Chi-square test for independence is used to explore the relationship between multiple intelligences and learning styles’ categorical variables. Based on multiple intelligences-learning styles crosstabs outputs, there is an association between multiple intelligences dimensions: studying, problem- solving, equipment functioning, subject choosing, and telling a story and visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles. According to Pearson Chi-Square values as well as on values of Cramer’s V there is an association between multiple intelligences and learning styles.
Alrabah, S., Wu, S., & Alotaibi, A. M. (2018). The Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences of EFL College Students in Kuwait. International Education Studies, 11(3), pp. 38-47.
Anbarasi, M., Rajkumar, G., Krishnakumar, S., Rajendran, P., Venkatesan, R., Dinesh, T., Mohan, J., & Venkidusamy, S. (2015). Learning Style-Based Teaching Harvests a Superior Comprehension of Respiratory Physiology. Advances in Physiology Education, 39(3), pp. 214-217.
Angela M. L. (2007). Assessing learning styles of adults with intellectual difficulties. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 11(1), pp. 23-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629507073997.
Arulselvi, E. (2018). Incorporating Multiple Intelligences in the English Classroom. Excellence in Education Journal, 7(2), pp. 101-121.
Azid, N. H., Yaacob, A., & Shaik-Abdullah, S. (2016). The Multiple Intelligence Based Enrichment Module on the Development of Human Potential: Examining Its Impact and the Views of Teachers. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 13(2), pp. 175-200.
Çeliköz, M. (2017). Multiple Intelligence Distribution of Prospective Teachers: The Case at Yildiz Technical University. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(2), pp. 206-215.
Cheema, J., & Kitsantas, A. (2016). Predicting High School Student Use of Learning Strategies: The Role of Preferred Learning Styles and Classroom Climate. Educational Psychology, 36(5), pp. 845-862.
Chen, C., Jones, K. T., & Xu, S. (2018). The Association between Students' Style of Learning Preferences, Social Presence, Collaborative Learning, and Learning Outcomes. Journal of Educators Online, 15(1).
Christodoulou, J. (2009). Multiple Intelligences Defined. School Administrator, 66(2), pp. 23.
David W. C. (2005). Perceived Multiple Intelligences and Learning Preferences among Chinese Gifted Students in Hong Kong. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 29(2), pp.187-212. https://doi.org/10.1177/016235320502900204.
Davis, C. Y. (2017). All Students Are Not Equal: A Case Study of Geometry Teachers' Instructional Strategies When Trained in Multiple-Intelligence-Based Practices in Secondary Classrooms. ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, 2017. ISBN: 978-0-3550-9202-8.
Dolati, Z., & Tahriri, A. (2017). EFL Teachers' Multiple Intelligences and Their Classroom Practice. SAGE Open, 7(3).
Dueñas M., & Fredy A. (2013). Development of the Distinct Multiple Intelligences in Primary Students through Interest Centers. HOW, 20(1), pp. 90-115.
Ebadi, S., & Beigzadeh, M. (2016). Investigating the Representation of Multiple Intelligences Theory in TPSOL Textbooks. Journal on English Language Teaching, 6(2), pp. 18-28.
Eissa, M. A., & Mostafa, A. A. (2013). Integrating Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles on Solving Problems, Achievement in, and Attitudes towards Math in Six Graders with Learning Disabilities in Cooperative Groups. Online Submission, International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences 2(2), pp. 32-45.
Elban, M. (2018). Learning Styles as the Predictor of Academic Success of the Pre-Service History Teachers. European Journal of Educational Research, 7(3), pp. 659-665.
Fraenkel, J., Norman Wallen, N., Helen Hyun, H. (2017). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. 9th Edition. McGraw-Hill Education.
Garmen, P., Rodríguez, C., García-Redondo, P., & San-Pedro-Veledo, J. C. (2019). Multiple Intelligences and Video Games: Assessment and Intervention with TOI Software. Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal, 27(58), pp. 95-104.
Ghamrawi, N. (2014). Multiple Intelligences and ESL Teaching and Learning: An Investigation in KG II Classrooms in One Private School in Beirut, Lebanon. Journal of Advanced Academics, 25(1), pp. 25-46.
Hall, G. E., Quinn, L. F., & Gollnick, D. M. (2017). Introduction to teaching: Making a difference in student learning. Los Angeles, CA SAGE.
Hong-Ren C., Chih-Hao C., & Wen-Shan L. (2013). Learning Effects of Interactive Whiteboard Pedagogy for Students in Taiwan from the Perspective of Multiple Intelligences. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 49(2), pp.173-187. https://doi.org/10.2190/EC.49.2.c.
Intan A. M., Shaheen M., & Schubert F. (2008). Teaching information literacy through learning styles: The application of Gardner's multiple intelligences. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 40(2), pp. 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961000608089345.
Irmscher, M. (2019). The Interface Function of Thinking Styles between Personality and Intelligence. World Journal of Education, 9(1), pp. 79-91.
Kandeel, R. A. A. (2016). Multiple Intelligences Patterns of Students at King Saud University and Its Relationship with Mathematics' Achievement. Journal of Education and Learning, 5(3), pp. 94-106.
Kim, I. S. (2009). The Relevance of Multiple Intelligences to CALL Instruction. Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 9(1), pp. 1-21.
Leasa, M., Corebima, A. D., & Ibrohim, S. H. (2017). Emotional Intelligence among Auditory, Reading, and Kinesthetic Learning Styles of Elementary School Students in Ambon-Indonesia. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 10(1), pp. 83-91.
Lee, B. (2015). EFL Learners' Perspectives on ELT Materials Evaluation Relative to Learning Styles. RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 46(2), pp. 147-163.
Madkour, M., & Mohamed, R. A. A. M. (2016). Identifying College Students' Multiple Intelligences to Enhance Motivation and Language Proficiency. English Language Teaching, 9(6), pp. 92-107.
Medeiros V., Leandro M., Ferasso, M., & Schröeder, C. da S. (2014). Connecting Multiple Intelligences through Open and Distance Learning: Going towards a Collective Intelligence? European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 17(1), pp. 108-117.
Milad, M. (2018). Incorporating Brain Colour into the Multiple Intelligences to Create a Blended Learning Context: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Groups. IAFOR Journal of Language Learning, 4(1), pp. 41-55.
Moafian, F., & Ebrahimi, M. R. (2015). An Empirical Examination of the Association between Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Self-Efficacy among TEFL University Students. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 3(1), pp. 19-36.
Narli, S., Ozgen, K., & Alkan, H. (2011). In the Context of Multiple Intelligences Theory, Intelligent Data Analysis of Learning Styles Was Based on Rough Set Theory. Learning and Individual Differences, 21(5), pp. 613-618.
Ozgen, K., Tataroglu, B., Alkan, H. (2011). An Examination of Multiple Intelligence Domains and Learning Styles of Pre-Service Mathematics Teachers: Their Reflections on Mathematics Education. Educational Research and Reviews, 6(2), pp. 168-181.
Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS Survival Manual. A step by step guide to data analysis using IBM SPSS. 5th Edition. Open University Press.
Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS Survival Manual. A step by step guide to data analysis using IBM SPSS. 5th Edition. Open University Press.
Perveen, A. (2018). Facilitating Multiple Intelligences through Multimodal Learning Analytics. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19(1), pp. 18-30.
Rorie N. H., William O. D., & Frank C. L. (2003). Are Learning Styles Relevant in Web-Based Instruction? Journal of Educational Computing Research, 29(1), pp. 13-28. https://doi.org/10.2190/YHL4-UP7P-K0GD-N5LJ.
Rusli, M., & Negara, I. K. R. Y. (2017). The Effect of Animation in Multimedia Computer-Based Learning and Learning Style to the Learning Results. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 18(4), pp. 177-190.
Sadiq, B. J. (2019). The Analytic Domain of Multiple-Intelligence and Its Relation to English Objective Test. English Language Teaching, 12(5), pp. 161-169.
Samarakou, M., Tsaganou, G., & Papadakis, A. (2018). An e-Learning System for Extracting Text Comprehension and Learning Style Characteristics. Educational Technology & Society, 21 (1), pp. 126-136.
Sánchez-Martín, J., Álvarez-Gragera, G. J., Dávila-Acedo, M. A., & Mellado, V. (2017). What Do K-12 Students Feel When Dealing with Technology and Engineering Issues? Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory Implications in Technology Lessons for Motivating Engineering Vocations at Spanish Secondary School. European Journal of Engineering Education, 42(6), pp. 1330-1343.
Sanchez-Martin, J., Alvarez-Gragera, G. J., Davila-Acedo, M. A., & Mellado, V. (2017). Teaching Technology: From Knowing to Feeling Enhancing Emotional and Content Acquisition Performance through Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory in Technology and Design Lessons. Journal of Technology and Science Education, 7(1), pp. 58-79.
Savas, P. (2012). Pre-Service English as a Foreign Language Teachers' Perceptions of the Relationship between Multiple Intelligences and Foreign Language Learning. Learning and Individual Differences, 22(6), pp. 850-855.
School of educators (2008). Multiple intelligence test: Accessed from http://schoolofeducators.com/tag/multiple-intelligence-test-printable/.
Schools on wheels (2010). Learning style questionnaire: What’s your learning style? Accessed from: https://www.schoolonwheels.org/pdfs/3121/Learning-Styles.pdf.
Sener, S., & Çokçaliskan, A. (2018). An Investigation between Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(2), pp. 125-132.
Siphai, S., Supandee, T., Raksapuk, C., Poopayang, P., & Kratoorerk, S. (2017). The Development of Multiple Intelligence Capabilities for Early Childhood Development Center, Local Administration Organization in Chaiyaphum Province. Educational Research and Reviews, 12(2), pp. 94-100.
Sistani, M., & Hashemian, M. (2016). Investigating the Role of Multiple Intelligences in Determining Vocabulary Learning Strategies for L2 Learners. English Language Teaching, 9(6), pp. 242-251.
Storek, J., & Furnham, A. (2013). Gender, "g", and Fixed versus Growth Intelligence Mindsets as Predictors of Self-Estimated Domain Masculine Intelligence (DMIQ). Learning and Individual Differences, 25, pp. 93-98.
Tabari, M. A., & Tabari, I. A. (2015). Links between Bloom's Taxonomy and Gardener's Multiple Intelligences: The Issue of Textbook Analysis. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 6(1), pp. 94-101.
Tamilselvi, B., & Geetha, D. (2015). Efficacy in Teaching through "Multiple Intelligence" Instructional Strategies. Journal on School Educational Technology, 11(2), pp. 1-10.
Tan, L. M., & Laswad, F. (2015). Academic Performance in Introductory Accounting: Do Learning Styles Matter? Accounting Education, 24(5), pp. 383-402.
Ünsal, G. (2018). A Study on the Importance of Learning Styles in Foreign Language Teaching. Online Submission, International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching 6(2), pp. 184-191.
Ürgüp, S., & Aslan, S. (2015). Investigation of Students' Multiple Intelligence Domains in Three Different Departments of the School of Physical Education and Sports. Educational Research and Reviews, 10(15), pp. 2068-2075.
Widiana, I. W., & Jampel, I. N. (2016). Improving Students' Creative Thinking and Achievement through the Implementation of Multiple Intelligence Approach with Mind Mapping. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 5(3), pp. 246-254.
Wilson, S. D. (2018). Implementing Co-Creation and Multiple Intelligence Practices to Transform the Classroom Experience. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 11(4), pp. 127-132.
Winarti, A., Yuanita, L., & Nur, M. (2019). The Effectiveness of Multiple Intelligences Based Teaching Strategy in Enhancing the Multiple Intelligences and Science Process Skills of Junior High School Students. Journal of Technology and Science Education, 9(2), pp. 122-135.
Yaumi, M., Sirate, S. F. S., & Patak, A. A. (2018). Investigating Multiple Intelligence-Based Instructions Approach on Performance Improvement of Indonesian Elementary Madrasah Teachers. SAGE Open, 8(4).
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Applied Technical and Educational Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The submitting author warrants that the submission is original and that she/he is the author of the submission
together with the named co-authors; to the extend the submission incorporates text passages, figures, data or
other material from the work of others, the submitting author has obtained any necessary permission.
Articles in this journal are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC-BY), the author retains
the copyright. By submitting an article the author grants to this journal the non-exclusive right to publish it
(e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book).